HERBAL PLANT USED IN ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANALGESIC ACTIVITY
Keywords:Ricinus communis Linn., Salix alba L., Sida cordifolia L., Sylibium marianum L., Spillanthes acmella Murr, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f
The use of traditional medicine is expanding to new horizons and plants still remain as the novel source of structurally important compounds that lead to the development of innovative drugs. India has about 45,000 plant species among which medicinal property has been attributed to several thousands. The traditional Indian system of medicine, the Ayurveda, mentions the use of plants in the treatment of various diseased conditions.
Ethnobotanical research done in last few decades have revealed the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of plants cited in the traditional literature. Many herbal preparations are being prescribed as anti-inflammatory and analgesic in the traditional literature.
Some of the important taxa which are found effective as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents are Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Bosewellia serrata Roxb., Callophyllum inophyllum L., Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br., Calotropis procera (Ak.) R.Br., Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntz., Cannabis sativa L., Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, Curcuma longa L., Euphorbia heterophylla L., Gastrodia elata Blume, Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC, Kalanchoe crenata Andr., Mangifera indica L., Mesua ferrea L., Plumeria accuminata W.T. Aiton., Ricinus communis Linn., Salix alba L., Sida cordifolia L., Sylibium marianum L., Spillanthes acmella Murr, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC, U. guianensis, J.F.Gmel and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. These plants have shown varying degrees of anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.
KEYWORDS: Ricinus communis Linn., Salix alba L., Sida cordifolia L., Sylibium marianum L., Spillanthes acmella Murr, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f