Chrysanthemum coronarium L. is also known as Garland. The leaves are edible and its flowers have a pleasant odour. Most of the Mediterranean regions use this plant for its ornamental value and also used to treat different ailments in China and Korea. C. coronarium is used as nerve sedative. It has antioxidant, anti inflammatory, antimutagenic, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiangiogenic, antiatheroslerosis and nematicidal properties. Leaves are used as expectorant, bitter, and stomachic. The essential oil fractions of C. coronarium have many enzyme inhibitory activities. It also has cytotoxic activity; further research on this area will shed some light to develop antitumor molecules. The volatile oil components in the flowers are responsible for the pleasant fragrance. The essential oil of C. coronarium is abundant in terpenoids, sterols, flavonoids, polyacetylenes etc. These chemical constituents are responsible for its medicinal value. Recent studies revealed that the chemical profile of essential oil of C. coronarium can differ between harvesting seasons and between geographical sources. Further research is required to determine the true bioactivity of essential oil of C. coronarium and its constituents.
Â Key words: C. coronarium
, terpenoids, essential oil, antimicrobial, insecticidal.