A Review on Pharmacological Activities and Potent Health Benefits of Ficus Bengalensis


  • Pawan Kumar Jaipur College of Pharmacy, Jaipur Rajasthan, India
  • Yogesh Kumar Sharma Jaipur College of Pharmacy, Jaipur Rajasthan, India


Ficus benghalensis commonly known as banyan fig and the “indian banyan” which is the national tree of india, a genus of family moraceae is a tropical, deciduous, evergreen tree with more than 800 species. This review aimed to summarize the potent health benefits and pharmacological actions of F. bengalensis. Today medicinal plants are widely used in their natural as well as processed form because these are harmless, many possess medicinal properties and still many are toxic. Scientifically a lot of pharmacological work has been done on various part of F. Bengalensis, still some other traditionally important pharmacological uses are also remaining to proof scientifically. The bark of F. bengalensis considered useful in burning sensation, ulcers, painful skin diseases and toothache. The leaves are used as ulcer protective, leprosy and fever, inflammations (Ayurvedic). The milky juice is useful in piles, diseases of the nose, gonorrhea. The aerial root of banyan considered useful in anxiety-reducing, muscle relaxing, memory enhancing, seizure modifying properties and inflammation of liver.